It was published by the Chilocco Indian School in Oklahoma. Yes, I've searched for it. Neither Hathitrust nor the National Archives have that particular issue (unless I'm just not seeing it, which is always a possibility)
It just seems likely that it's been reprinted in another source but I can't think where. O'Keefe doesn't note any reprints but he isn't always reliable for that.
The archives were rather frustrating because they use only volume numbers or months but not years to label the collections...and the numbering system changed over time. The one I'm looking for will be called either "The Indian School Journal, Vol. 5, Number 11" or "...Nov, 1905"
The Yellow Nose stories are typical LBH stuff –confusing, contradictory and wide open to different interpretations.
As recalled by John Stands in Timber in the 1950s, Yellow Nose talked about his exploits in the battle many times around the campfire, and always in the same way: he picked up an abandoned cavalry guidon late in the fight, used it to count coup, and made some bravery runs with another warrior, stampeding many cavalry horses.
This story scarcely has any point in common with the classic Yellow Nose account published over 50 years earlier. Bill has posted and commented in this thread a version dating back to 1912. Fred’s Participants book points out, however, that the story was first known seven years earlier, when it was published in the Chicago Record-Herald and in the November 1905 issue of the Indian School Journal. But there’s still an older version which was published in Kansas in 1902 including a portrait of the old warrior, a round figure in white shirt and sombrero. This must be the original story, since those published in 1905 and 1912 were either very similar or verbatim reproductions which, in some cases, had had a few paragraphs abridged or deleted.
The deeds of this particular Yellow Nose, rendered in English by his friend Edmund Guerrier in 1902, were very different: he was one of the first to engage the cavalry in the MTC area armed with an old sword; he fought twice against a courageous soldier wearing a “buckskin suit with red, bead-like berries in the fringe”, and since this happened on the slopes of where “the last stand was made at a small mound on the ridge”, he says he was later credited with killing Custer. Yellow Nose, however, was almost sure that he was not the killer, since that officer had run from the top of the hill after some fleeing soldiers, and he just leveled him with a sword blow in the neck, given with the broad side of the blade. Once this buckskin-clad, yellow-haired man with tears in his eyes sank to the ground “close to the base of the mound”, Yellow Nose didn’t stop but urged on his horse “in pursuit of the few remaining fugitives”. Perhaps Yellow Nose’s victim was Boston Custer: he was dressed in buckskin in imitation of his brothers, and his body was found at the foot of LSH; or else any of the officers found dead on the hilltop, if he raced back after recovering from the blow.
Earlier in the fight Guerrier’s Yellow Nose had captured a flag in hand to hand combat (unlike JSiT’s Yellow Nose); but at the remark of the interviewer that it must have been a cavalry guidon, the warrior replied in the negative and “insisted that it was larger”. His claim is borne out by Little Hawk’s statement that the flag seized by Yellow Nose was “the only one of this kind taken” (Hardorff’s Cheyenne Memories… p. 63). Since the Oglala Stands First is credited with taking Custer’s own swallow-tailed guidon, it’s quite probable that Yellow Nose captured the large, square, yellow-coloured Regimental flag carried by Sgt. Vickory.
Little of this is in the Yellow Nose stories told by John Stands in Timber. In one of them, however, there is a very suggestive sentence. On page 375 of A Cheyenne Voice, right after describing how Yellow Nose found the flag standing on the ground and seized it to count coup, Stands in Timber makes a reference to an unnamed Cheyenne warrior as follows: “And some Southern Cheyenne captured an American flag and it was kept a long, long time. They talk about it down there. There were quite a few southerners up here then”.
Could it be possible that two of the seven flags with Custer were taken by two Southern Cheyenne warriors whose identities became mingled with the passing of time? This would explain why a Cheyenne participant like White Shield could see from across the river how “Yellow Nose got a company flag, snatching it from the ground where it stood…”; while a Lakota participant, Eagle Elk, recalled how “One man went out of the bunch and took away the flag that one soldier had. The Cheyenne was shot through the heels, and his horse stumbled and broke his legs” (Hardorff’s Lakota Recollections, p. 104).
It certainly looks like two different episodes well separated in time and space involving two Southern Cheyenne warriors, both wounded (one in the face, other in the heels) and both with horses hit by soldier fire, similarities which could have helped to confound things. This would explain the contradictions and differences between the two versions of the Yellow Nose story as told by Guerrier and Stands in Timber. Or perhaps it is the same story deformed by conflicting recollections!
The simplest explanation is usually the most likely, but in LBH matters... who knows?
As usual, you come up with a fresh angle on what at first seemed to be a simple account, for which I thank you.
I'm afraid I don't have my book collection around me at the moment, but I find the idea that there may have two men known as Yellow Nose involved in fairly similar incidents intriguing, however, logic tells me that this is highly unlikely.
The thing is, we have so few Indian stories to go on, and amongst those stories, there are so few men are actually named, so I would suggest that the chances of two different men with the same name being mentioned seems very remote.
If we take the Custer part of the battle: the part where Yellow Nose gained his reputation, I would be surprised if more than 500 to 600 hundred warriors took part in the actual fighting -- not enough room for them all to even get a shot in, let alone ride around making bravery charges, and yet we only have the accounts of what? Twenty~ thirty warriors at the most? So to find that two men named Yellow Nose were noted as doing such noticeably deeds: deeds that seemed to be fairly similar in the accounts we have, is as I say, pretty unlikely.
Then we have the problem of how accurate are the accounts of the names themselves. Take a man I'm particularly interested in, Low Dog. He is mentioned in JSIT's book as having chased: accompanied by a Cheyenne named Little Sun, a mounted soldier who was fleeing the field, and eventually shooting him off his horse. I've read another account somewhere else of something similar, but in that account the man is named as New Dog. In fact, just in passing, it seems that the name we generally know him by, Low Dog, is in fact a mis- representation of the mans name, which was probably closer to something like Small Coyote, or Young Coyote.
In which case, I wonder, could one of our two Yellow Noses, have been on fact someone called Yellow face, or Yellow Forehead, or even a Yellow feather? Anyway, it's just a thought Jose, do keep posting I always enjoy your posts.
As usual, you come up with a fresh angle on what at first seemed to be a simple account, for which I thank you. I'm afraid I don't have my book collection around me at the moment, but I find the idea that there may have two men known as Yellow Nose involved in fairly similar incidents intriguing, however, logic tells me that this is highly unlikely. The thing is, we have so few Indian stories to go on, and amongst those stories, there are so few men are actually named, so I would suggest that the chances of two different men with the same name being mentioned seems very remote. If we take the Custer part of the battle: the part where Yellow Nose gained his reputation, I would be surprised if more than 500 to 600 hundred warriors took part in the actual fighting -- not enough room for them all to even get a shot in, let alone ride around making bravery charges, and yet we only have the accounts of what? Twenty~ thirty warriors at the most? So to find that two men named Yellow Nose were noted as doing such noticeably deeds: deeds that seemed to be fairly similar in the accounts we have, is as I say, pretty unlikely.
Then we have the problem of how accurate are the accounts of the names themselves. Take a man I'm particularly interested in, Low Dog. He is mentioned in JSIT's book as having chased: accompanied by a Cheyenne named Little Sun, a mounted soldier who was fleeing the field, and eventually shooting him off his horse. I've read another account somewhere else of something similar, but in that account the man is named as New Dog. In fact, just in passing, it seems that the name we generally know him by, Low Dog, is in fact a mis- representation of the mans name, which was probably closer to something like Small Coyote, or Young Coyote. In which case, I wonder, could one of our two Yellow Noses, have been on fact someone called Yellow face, or Yellow Forehead, or even a Yellow feather? Anyway, it's just a thought Jose, do keep posting I always enjoy your posts.
Thanks for your comments, which I do appreciate. You are only too right about the troublesome rendering of Indian names –like Low Dog’s, of which I was unaware.
Now excuse me for having failed to explaim myself correctly. My point in the Yellow Nose affair is not that there were two warriors so named (or with very similar names), but that an unknown Southern Cheyenne took a flag and a wound in the battle just like Yellow Nose did. This unnamed warrior could have died not long after the battle, and whoever witnessed his deed or heard of it, assumed he must have been the famous Yellow Nose, widely known for having taken and counted coup with a soldier flag. This is still a bit convoluted, but not as unlikely as two flag-captors with the same name, specially after that intriguing remark by Stands in Timber about “some Southern Cheyenne who captured a flag” right after having told Yellow Nose’s story, as if he were now referring to an unknown warrior.
And one last tibdit: The 1902 article gives as its source a letter sent from Darlington (Oklahoma), site of a former Cheyenne Agency and home of Yellow Nose and Ed Guerrier's family. It seems that Yellow Nose was a celebrity in the Darlington Agency as early as 1894, when C.R. Duncan, a New York photographer, visited the place and returned "with quite an exhibition of photograph plates which he has taken to show his eastern friends. Several are of Yellow Nose in different attitudes. Yellow Nose claims to have killed Custer" (The Wichita Daily Eagle, March 25, 1894). The picture illustrating the article is a drawing from a photograph, maybe one of those taken by Duncan.
With regard to the photographs of Yellow Nose. do you know if any of these were ever published, and if so where, the same goes for the drawing from the photo?
I don't remember more portraits of Yellow Nose other than the drawing in the Kansas City Star accompanying the 1902 story, plus the photo next to his tepee taken from a distance and reproduced in Mrs. Dyer's Fort Reno - or, Picturesque Cheyenne and Arrapahoe Army Life before the Opening of Oklahoma, originally published in 1896 but reprinted by Stackpole Books in 2005. There’s also the wonderful ledger drawing of Yellow Nose by Daniel Little Chief. It is in the Smithsonian site : sirismm.si.edu/naa/2016a/08658200.jpg
It would be great if someone discovered the photos taken by C. R. Duncan.
General of the Army (Medicine Man/Chief))
There is a tribal account of a sword attack against what may have been an officer either out of ammunition or with a jammed carbine.
I hold a strong suspicion that it was a family member of Deeds that took a flag after which his mount was shot out under him. This is shown in the Spotted Wolf/Yellow Nose ledger.
There is also drawing of a warrior and woman in close combat with a dismounted soldier who is being strangled, a la Ralph Goodman record of events divulged by Yellow Nose to his Chief. Goodman resided at Kingfisher. Among the Cheyenne War Women was Calf. Her husband was Black Coyote, banished from the tribe for killing Black Crane after LBH.
A further confusion exists with an injury to the eyesight of either Spotted Wolf or his adopted son Yellow Nose or both in charging closely into gunfire and being struck on the head by a gun barrel.
It popped up in a search and shows two Cheyennes with Springfield Cavalry carbines who were photographed by L.A. Huffman.
What is happening now is more and more old stuff being scanned and copied to interest sites on the web so maybe one day. I still remember immense joy years ago with a search that popped up a pre-battle FAL image of two of the 7th Cavalry companies at FAL in '74 or 75. Stared at them for hours, I did and nearly went blind. Yellow Nose was considered to be a holy man in later life and may have impaired his eyesight during Sun Dance's in.... staring at the Sun. Hence the LBH battle damage story may have been a confusion.
Born: 1850's; when he was about four, he and his mother were captured on the Rio Grande by Cheyennes and Arapahos led by Dive Backwards. His mother escaped, and he was adopted by Spotted Wolf. He was living near Geary, Okla., in 1909.
Career: Warrior, took part in many historical battles.
Collections: Public: JAM, MAI (350 ledger style paintings collected ca. 1880 by John Gregory Bourke).
Work Published: Catlin, Bodmer, Miller, Joslyn Art Museum (1963) ; Cohoe (1965)-
Thanks for the link to that directory of native artists, where it’s stated that Yellow Nose (of the Dog Warrior Society) was also known as Little Robe. This was the name of the famous Southern Cheyenne chief who survived both Sand Creek and the Washita, and remained in his reservation of the North Canadian in 1876. But according to Fred’s Participants book, there was another Southern Cheyenne named Little Robe (of the Crazy Dog Society) who did fight Custer at the LBH. If he captured a flag, and the Directory is not wrong, the merging of both trophy seizures into one (the one performed by Yellow Nose a.k.a. Little Robe) could be more easily explained –specially if Little Robe of the Crazy Dogs died shortly after the battle. But that’s a lot of ifs!
Do you have access to that page? You can't read it without a subscription. They show an ocr of the text but the articles are jumbled together. I started trying to untangle the text but don't want to waste my time if this is just another printing of the Inter Ocean article previously posted by keogh.
I do notice that the Washington Post Article is a week earlier (3/17/1912) than the Inter Ocean one. It also appears to be a reprint of a still earlier St Louis Dispatch article.
O'Keefe lists only the Inter Ocean article, and doesn't mention the Post or Dispatch.
By the way, I spent some timing searching for another Bourke but only find references to the soldier Bourke.
blaque, my pleasure to be useful. There is a bit more to the YN drawings.
Here is the Daniel Little Chief drawing and a record sheet, dating to 1891, which states, "He is the man who killed General Custer by stabbing the wounded man with a butcher knife in the fore part of the neck." A la Ralph Chapman account, and another drawing not to hand at the moment.
Now, a further item of interest - Yellow Nose drawing of battle scene with U.S. soldiers and an Indian warrior pulling man in buckskins from horse, ca. 1889. Link Images below,
Sorry for “butting” in here but was always under the impression the Yellow Nose in question in regards to the Guidon incident was a UTE who was fighting with The Cheyenne on June 25 1876. I THINK it was C Companies guidon that he capturned and then either used as a spear or pike to either kill or count coup on a dismounted trooper.
The artist ANDY THOMAS has a spectacular painting depicting the incident entitled “ Yellow Nose Counts Coup at Little Bighorn” I contacted his office manager,,who is is wife and a wonderful lady to visit with...about obtaining a print of the work. At that point they had not done any print runs but after visiting with her about Andy’s works and my interest in the Little Bighorn and reenacting ,,,she graciously agreed to do a run and she sent me number 1 of 200.
I cannot get a small enough file size to post here to do it it justice but will attempt to find a link.
"Thar goes yer Injuns Genral,,,RUNNIN like the DEVIL!!"