Supplementum: Reno gets his attack orders Jun 10, 2013 19:25:07 GMT -5
Post by herosrest on Jun 10, 2013 19:25:07 GMT -5
Lt. Luther Hare's testimony at RCoI digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/History/History-idx?type=goto&id=History.Reno&isize=M&submit=Go+to+page&page=236
Col. Reno's battalion went ahead of Gen. Custer's about five miles from where Col. Reno crossed the Little Big Horn. It was done by Gen. Custer's order.
Q. State what gave rise to that order.
A. My attention had been called to some Indians ahead by our scouts, and I spoke to Gen. Custer about it.
He told me to take the Indian scouts and go ahead and he would follow. The Indians refused to go and he ordered them dismounted; and turned around to Adj. Cook and told him as the Indians would not go ahead, to order Maj. Reno with his battalion ahead.
Q. state whether this was near the Indian tepee on that bank of the river?
A. It was within one hundred yards of this tepee and about five miles from the river.
Q. What did Maj. Reno and his command do on receipt of the order?
A. They started ahead immediately at an increased gait. It was a fast trot.
Q. How long was the command in reaching the river?
A. Twenty or twenty-five minutes
Q. State what the command did upon arriving at the river. Was there any halt or stoppage of the head of the column?
A. There was a halt of the head of the column, and some of the men were watering their horses when I passed them. I was delayed some time and did not pass them till I reached the ford, When I reached there, some of the men were watering and some were halted.
Q. Where was it that you first saw any body of mounted Indians or warriors?
A. From the top of a little knoll about two hundred yards from this tepee, I saw forty or fifty Indians on a rise between us and the Little Big Horn. They had evidently discovered us, for they disappeared right away. When I came down to the ford, I saw Maj. Reno on the right bank. I merely glanced at him. He was standing there.
Q. After crossing the river, state whether you saw any hostile Indians; if so, when and what they were doing and in what number?
A. I crossed the stream and rode out to the edge of the timber. I could see some Indians driving in some ponies down stream and to my left. I was at the edge of the timber long enough to fix my saddle-blanket, and when I mounted, the head of the column was coming out of the edge of the timber.
note ~ page 242 is interesting for recording the application by Frederick Whittacker to appear before the court as an accuser or assistant prosecuter. Dull it wasn't, in Chicago.
Herendeen was recalled also.
Lt. DeRudio followed Hare in giving testimony and agreed the 4-5 miles from the river order to Reno to advancs and put the distance as covered in about half an hour.
Lt. Hare saw forty or fifty Indians on a rise towards the river, from atop a little knoll about two hundred yards from the tepee, who disappeared right away. There can be confusion as to which tepee was referred to but this observation ties in nicely with the similat thing reported by Sgt. Richard Kanipe of Company C with Custer.
Capt. Moylan (p184) puts the distance covered to the river as three to three and a half miles. An important aspect of his testimony is, The separation was made with the organization of the battalions. That was probably a mile or a mile and a half the other side of this divide which separated the Little Big horn and the Rosebud. That must have been half past 12. I don't know definitely as to the time.
Lt. Varnum ~ excerpted from his testimony:
I reported to Gen. Custer. That was about a mile from where Maj. afterwards crossed the Little Big Horn. I started on and fell in with the command as it went. I think one company of the battalion had crossed the river when I reached it.
When I left Gen. Custer he was at the head of his column moving at a walk. Maj. Reno pulled out at a trot. From what I have seen of the country since, Gen. Custer must have turned off, so that it is impossible for me to tell what was their relative positions.
I left the head of Gen. Custer's column to overtake the battalion that was passing us to get ahead of the troops themselves to scout again, and the head of the column soon after crossed a little tributary of the Little Big Horn.
I was about the middle of the column as it passed there, and I was forced off the trail and didn't join the command until it was just crossing that ford. One company had got across the ford at the time I got across myself.
There were eight or ten Indian scouts with me at the time, and as soon as the column passed I was joined by Lieut. Hare, who had been detailed to assist me in scouting.
There had evidently been a village upon that tributary of the Little Big Horn, that we came, down in going to the fight. There was an old tepee there and a piece of another tepee; and from the signs around there I should judge there had been a village there, but I don't know how old I didn't stop to look at it, I should judge, that tepee was about a mile from where Col. Reno crossed the river on his advance.
Custer's progress and route as given in Trumpetr Martin's testimony at RCoI. digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/History/History-idx?type=goto&id=History.Reno&isize=M&submit=Go+to+page&page=340